### Number: 24 From: "Claudio Allocchio, +39 40 3758523" Claudio.Allocchio@elettra.trieste.it> To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 4:05am Subject: Re: U.S. COMMERCE DEPT. NOI ON DOMAIN NAME REG. ISSUES Hallo, Just a few comments to help you in your survey. My name is Claudio Allocchio, and I'm the chairman of the Italian Naming Authority, i.e. the official body who is entitled to establish rules for domain names definition within the country code "it" (both Internet and ISO systems). The problem of setting rules for domain name definition was raised in Italy since mid 1993, and finally the final set of rules went into operation one year ago: July 1st 1996. Among the fundamental statements in the set of rules, I can summarise the following: - a domain name is an identifier to assign a name to a "generic object" esisting on the network. - a domain name has no relationship whatsoever with anything else: trademarks, registered names, company names, personal names, ... are indipendent different objects, and correlation with domain names does not exist. - domain names are only "assigned in use" by the Italian Registration Authority (a separate indipendent body) to the entity requesting them: domain names remain a property of the Italian Registration Authority. - an entity requesting a domain name must declare its right to use such a name in written. If any dispute arises due to other entities claiming any kind of "xxx"rights on the name, the domain name holder and the other entities must solve the issue themselves or via a civil court. The Italian Registra- tion Authority just accepts the conclusins of the issue and acts consequently. - an entity can request a single domain name only, within the "it" country code. - official telecomunication and value added service providers (holding an official license from the Ministry of Telecomminications) can request a separate domain name for these specific services offered to their customers: e-mail mailbox service X.400 ADMD service X.500 directory service on-line services (like America-on-line) gopher pages service web pages service ftp area service The complete set of rules and procedures are available (in Italian Language) at: http://www.nis.garr.it/netdoc/ITA-PE/Documenti/regole-naming.txt As a further comment, the Italian Naming Authority and the Italian Registration Authority are jointly operating with the other European Top Level Domain registration authorities about the current issue of the IAHC new top levels. The official position of the Italian Naming and Registration Authorities is that the IAHC proposal does not solve any of the issues, and just creates more confusion and unneeded complexity to domain name structure. The proposed new "categories" are just new large places where the same confusion existing now in the ".net" and ".com" domains will spread out. Regulations about domain names use can be established only at national levels, due to differences in existing legislation. International domains should be used only for specific cases of international entities, and anything else should be registered within the national country code: for USA this is "us". Thus the IAHC proposal should not be implemented, but effective regulations and international agreements should be established. More over a set of compulsory netiquette rules are effective for all entities requesting a domain name under "it" country code. I enclose them hereunder. Whoever violates such rules can be taken to court and prosecuted. As you will notice, commercial advertisement via e-mail is explicitly forbidden. If you have further questions, just let us know Regards Claudio Allocchio chairman of the Italian Naming Authority (and Internet Engineering Task Force - Application Area) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ N E T I Q U E T T E Ethics and rules for the correct use of network services Within the community of network service users, especially Internet users and, in particular, inside the "news" service Usenet, a number of "traditions" and "principles of correct behaviour" have been developed with time: all these rules are generally known as "netiquette". Keeping in mind that whoever provides your network access (provider, public institution or agency, employer, etc.) can also control even more precisely the users' duties, we summarise in this document the fundamental principles of "netiquette", reminding everybody that these rules are mandatory. 1 When you join a new newsgroup or a new electronic mail distribution list, read the messages posted there for at least two weeks before starting to send your own around the world: in this way you will understand the topics of the discussion and the methods to be used in such an environment. 2 If you send a message, be brief and concise, both in the subject field as well as in the message itself. Always use the "subject" field to specify the topic. If using the "signature" file, please keep it short. 3 Do not post or send messages to the target newsgroup or distribution list which deviate from the topic in question. 4 Whenever possible, avoid broadcasting your message to many mailing lists (or newsgroups) at a time. There is usually only one specific mailing list representing the correct target of your message and which contains all interested users in that particular topic. 5 If you answer a message, quote only the relevant sections of the original message in order to facilitate understanding by users who did not read it, and avoid systematically reposting the entire original text. 6 Do not engage in "opinion wars" on the network through the sending of messages and replies: if you have personal discussions, solve them via private electronic mail correspondence with the interested parties. 7 Never publish the content of electronic mail messages without the explicit permission of the author. 8 Do not post stupid messages or take sides to support somebody's opinion within an ongoing discussion. Always read the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) relating to the discussion topic before sending new questions. 9 Never send advertising or commercial promotion messages or any other unsolicited message via electronic mail, unless explicitly requested by the recipient. 10 Be tolerant with users who makes syntactical or grammar errors when posting messages. Users posting messages must in any case improve their knowledge of the language, in order to be understood by the whole community. Furthermore, to the previously mentioned rules we must add the following criteria based on common sense logic: A The network is used as a major work tool by many users. They do not have time to read jokes, useless or personal messages which are not of general interest. B Any activity which heavily affects network traffic, such as bulk data transfers, reduces the overall network performance. Users should thus perform these operations outside peak network time (at night for example), taking into account the different time zones. C On the network a number of file server sites exists, containing up-to-date copies of relevant documentation, software and other objects made available via network. Users must ask in advance which is the most convenient accessible server node for their use. If a file is made available on this server, or locally, there is no reason to load it again via the network, wasting network bandwidth and waiting much longer for the file transfer to be effected. D The software made available on network servers can be protected by copyrights and/or other restrictions on its use. Users must always read carefully any accompanying documentation before using, modifying or redistributing this software in any shape or form. E Incorrect behaviour of an explicit illegal nature by users, such as: - violating the security of network databases and hosts; - violating other users' privacy, reading or intercepting their electronic mail messages; - compromising the correct performance of the network and of any equipment which constitutes its service with programmes (virus, trojan horses, etc.) and other hacking tools; are explicit criminal violations and, as such, are punishable by current laws. For more detailed information on the principles stated above, please refer to the document RFC1855 "Netiquette Guidelines", available on-line at the following URL: http://www.nis.garr.it/netdoc/rfc/rfc1855.txt CC: NTIADC40.SMTP40("ALLOCCHIO@elettra.trieste.it") ### Number: 25 From: Martin Volesky M.Volesky@IEMINC.NET> To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 9:31am Subject: Domain Names Hello. I have read thr story reported by the MSNBC Internet News Service regarding the RFC regarding domain names. One issue that I feel is quite inportant when setting up new top-level domain names is the length of these names. Working as a systems administrator of ran interactive internet media company IO have written many scripts and utilities that have been built on the concept that all top-level domain named have three characters. I do not think that it would be to dificult to maintain this standard with any new top level domains. I belive this issue has not been sufficiently addresses. Thank you for your time. Martin Volesky. ### Number: 26 From: Bruce Paul firstname.lastname@example.org> To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 9:50am Subject: In my humble opinion I know that one voice does not count for much but since you asked... I think the entire naming and numbering scheme of the internet should be handled by a world wide organization - a for profit organization - that should have accountability to the United Nations (they've got to be good for something). By making this new company a for profit organization, they can fund themselves and by making it accountable to the UN, they would be regulated on their prices (like the old AT&T before Judge Green). Since Network Solutions is already in this business, why not let them continue but under the auspices of the world community's chosen representatives? Like I said, you asked. Bruce Paul email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com CC: NTIADC40.SMTP40("firstname.lastname@example.org") ### Number: 27 From: Tom and Judy Devaney <email@example.com> To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 2:22pm Subject: Domain Names Hello.... I want to comment on the "Domain Name" issue: I want to be starting a business out of my home within the next year or so. My wife is going to school so putting all of my effort towards it is impossible at present. My biggest fear is that big business and the people who are able to able to do something NOW will have a better chance of getting a domain name than I will one or two years from now.
Or, that the price will be out of reach for anyone with a low income. Or, I don't know the RIGHT people. I want EVERYONE to be able to have an equal chance to get a domain name for ALL time to come.Please consider this when you make your decision as it will affect my children as well. Thank You... Tom Devaney firstname.lastname@example.org ### Number: 28 From: "Fontenla" To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 9:53pm Subject: Domain names, comment To whom it may concern, I think it was a very bad policy to give up full control of domain names to a private company. Ethics considerations that say that the government investment should not be given up unconditionally to any for profit company. Much less with such long term contract and without direct government supervision. The Internet was funded by our tax money, as a technological and educational enterprise, and nobody likes giving it as a gift to any company. Moreover, this company now is blocking and difficulting the normal functioning of the Internet, and should be stopped now. The administration of the Internet should be closely supervised by the govrnment, and any resolution should be contingent of NSF not opposing it. Besides, international agreements should be put forward, and enforced by some government institution. Dr. Juan Fontenla ### Number: 29 From: To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 7:19pm Subject: Domain Names Comments I do have a few comments on the Domain Name issue...The Idea that a solo company should be allowed to monopolize on internet domain names is ridiculous....one of the greatest things holding up the Internet today is the organization of domain names. Domain Names need to be geographic...if I want to visit the web site of John K Paul in Burlington Vermont, I should be able to visit him at www.johnkpaul.burlington.vermont. Private companies could compete for the business of registering the millions (or billions) of domain names that would become availible (creating more competition and driving the price down) and an advertising funded yellow pages would make it easy for me to determine WHICH John Paul in Burlington Vermont I was talking to.... Jason M Page email@example.com ### Number: 30 From: "Bob Jordan" To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 6:22pm Subject: Domain names I think the government should step in and legislate that the polices in place for the existing domains shall remain unaltered and that companies have no claims to copyrighted domain names in those existing domains. In my opinion, it is unfair to establish new standards and rules and make them retro-active. In addition, the government should legislate the establishment of new domains, such as .firm or .inc (whatever) that do provide for copyright protection. ### Number: 31 From: White To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 4:58pm Subject: XXX domain the NTIA's first step - just from a public affairs/pragmatic angle - should be to create ".XXX" as top level domain for all US adult sites. this solution would instantly, easily, and with few complications clear up the snafus attendent to the just-killed CDA and the greater issues that surrounded it. Better still, it would be a solution internal to the Internet community, rather than some sort of content regulation. The only step left would be to distribute client-side web software that would not load .xxx domains. A mandatory ".XXX" domain would immediatly create a well-cordoned Internet red light district - a solution that American courts and communities have long held to be a viable one in the real world. DRAWBACKS. 1. A private citizen not in the business of selling adult content could post adult content to a private site. Solution: There is none. The first amendment protects such things. However, a volunatry internet standard could be pushed by ISPs (which are "bandwidth providers" of the vast number of personal webpages) that anyone posting adult stuff should put it within an "xxx" directory on their private site. Not everybody would do it, but enough would that, combined with the .xxx solution, internet adult content would be tough to come by "by accident." 2. Foriegn sites. Solution: With the US's massive percentage of the world's internet sites, it is reasonable to expect many foriegn based adult sites to come onboard such a plan, adopting a "xxx" based domain name. Those that don't - well, NO American-based solution will change their minds anyway. matt white ### Number: 32 From: "Wm. MacDonald" To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 4:17pm Subject: Domain Names Domanin names should continue to be reasonable and free from having commercial intrests run them. W. MacDonald ### Number: 33 From: "John Alexander" To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 7/3/97 12:59pm Subject: Comments on DNS proposal Hi: I believe that the current handling of the InterNIC is sub-standard, and anything that is done should at least fix current problems, without creating additional ones. Network Solutions is incapable of handling the volume they currently handle, so they do not get involved in any issues. For example, there is a domain, "congress.org", that has nothing to do with Congress, and is not a non-profit organization. There are also several ".net" domains which have nothing to do with being Internet Service Providers. When I brought this to the attention of the InterNIC, they sent back a form letter asking why I thought that I had the rights to these domain names. I don't. I just don't want to see other companies abusing the current Internet domain naming system. If you allow additional companies to create root-level domain names, here are the things I think are important: * Competition will hopefully increase quality while keeping costs in check. * The various root-level domain name providers MUST reference one another, or each company connected to the Internet will be required to manually modify their DNS machines to reflect the new root servers. This would be impossible for many Internet users. * A cross-domain board should be established to regulate names. The rules need to be enforced by an independent organization, rather than a company who has a vested interest in selling domain names for money. You may wish to work with the various tier-1 Internet Service Providers, including UUNET, MCI, Sprint, PSINet, Digex, ANS, AGIS, etc. They may be able to offer a solution which involve using the ISPs as the root-level DNS, then having the management of the domains handled by separate companies. My 2 cents, for what it's worth (if it's even worth 2 cents ). /John Alexander Consulting Engineer IKON Technology Services ### Number: 34 From: Chris Ehrhardt To: NTIADC40.NTIAHQ40(dns) Date: 2/20/96 6:30pm Subject: input on domain names... the system we are using now work. there is no reason to change it. its bad enough when i get pissed off when i can't find an address because its .net and i am trying .com ... if its working, why try and change it? chrisehrhardt hard2overcome 07-03-97