AIEA: A race/origin category used by the Census Bureau that consists of American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts.
API: A race/origin category used by the Census Bureau that consists of Asian or Pacific Island descent.
B.A.: A "bachelor of arts" degree. A B.A. is earned at a college or university and requires three or more years of full-time study, or part-time equivalent, in a prescribed course of undergraduate curriculum designed to prepare the student for professional work or graduate study. B.A. is also used here to stand for any four-year college degree, such as a "bachelors of science" degree (B.S.).
Black Non Hispanic: A race/origin category used by the Census Bureau that consists of persons who identified their race as "Black," but did not identify themselves as being of Hispanic origin or descent.
Central City: A central city is the largest city within a "metropolitan" area, as defined by the Census Bureau. Additional cities within the metropolitan area can also be classified as "central cities" if they meet certain employment, population, and employment/residence ratio requirements.
Community Access Center: A public place where a local community can use computers, the Internet, or other new technologies. Community access centers can include libraries, schools, community centers, and other public access points. Communities may vary as to which public access points serve as community access centers.
Computer: A "computer" is defined for Current Population Surveys as a personal or home workstation having a typewriter-like keyboard connected to a laptop computer, mini-computer, or mainframe computer.
E-mail: The digital transmission of a message from one person to another using a communications network.
Employed: Employed persons comprise (1) all civilians who, during the survey week, do any work at all as paid employees or in their own business or profession, or on their own farm, or who work 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a farm in a business operated by a member of the family; and (2) all those who have jobs but who are not working because of illness, bad weather, vacation, or labor-management dispute, or because they are taking time off for personal reasons, whether or not they are seeking other jobs. Each employed person is counted only once. Those persons who held more than one job are counted in the job at which they worked the greatest number of hours during the survey week. If they worked an equal number of hours at more than one job, they are counted at the job they held the longest.
Family: A family is a group of two persons or more (one of whom is the householder) residing together and related by birth, marriage, or adoption.
Family Household: A family household is a household maintained by a family (as defined above), and may include among the household members any unrelated persons who may be residing there. The number of family households is equal to the number of families. The count of family household members differs from the count of family members, however, in that the family household members include all persons living in the household, whereas family members include only the householder and his/her relatives.
Hispanic Origin: Persons of Hispanic origin are determined through self identification by origin or descent. Persons of Hispanic origin are those who indicated that their origin was Mexican-American, Chicano, Mexican, Mexicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Hispanic.
Household: A household consists of all the persons who occupy a house, an apartment, or other group of rooms, or a room, which constitutes a housing unit. A group of rooms or a single room is regarded as a housing unit when it is occupied as separate living quarters; that is, when the occupants do not live and eat with any other person in the structure, and when there is direct access from the outside or through a common hall. The count of households excludes persons living in group quarters, such as rooming houses, military barracks, and institutions. Inmates of institutions (mental hospitals, rest homes, correctional institutions, etc.) are not included in the survey.
Householder: The householder refers to the person (or one of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented (maintained) or, if there is no such person, any adult member, excluding roomers, boarders, or paid employees. I f the house is owned or rented jointly by a married couple, the householder may be either the husband or the wife. The person designated as the householder is the "reference person" to whom the relationship of all other household members, if any, is recorded.
Internet: A worldwide system of interconnected networks allowing for data transmission between millions of computers. The Internet is usually accessed using Internet Service Providers.
Internet Service Provider (ISP): An organization or company that provides Internet access to individuals or organizations.
Labor Force: For Current Population Surveys, a person is considered in the labor force if he or she is a civilian 15 years of age or older and is defined as being either employed or unemployed (see "Employed" and "Unemployed"). This definition will differ from the official definition of the labor force that takes into account those 16 years of age or older, both civilian and non-civilian, who are classified as either being employed or unemployed.
Modem: A modem is defined as a device used to connect the computer to a telephone line, often for the purpose of connecting to on-line services. A modem can either be located internally in the PC, or can be an external device.
Non-Family Household: A non-family household is defined as a household maintained by a person living alone or with non-relatives only.
Other non Hispanic: A race/origin category used by the Census Bureau that includes Asians/Pacific Islanders, American Indians, Eskimos, and Aleuts, but not White non Hispanics or Black non Hispanics.
Rural: All areas not classified by the Census Bureau as urban are defined as rural and generally include places of less than 2,500 persons.
Unemployed: Unemployed persons are those civilians who, during the survey week, have no employment but are available for work, and (1) have engaged in any specific job seeking activity within the past 4 weeks such as registering at a public or private employment office, meeting with prospective employers, checking with friends or relatives, placing or answering advertisements, writing letters of application, or being on a union or professional register; (2) are waiting to be called back to a job from which they had been laid off; or (3) are waiting to report to a new wage or salary job within 30 days.
Urban: The "urban" category includes those areas classified as being urbanized (having a population density of at least 1,000 persons per square mile and a total population of at least 50,000) as well as cities, villages, boroughs (except in Alaska and New York), towns (except in the six New England States, New York, and Wisconsin), and other designated census areas having 2,500 or more persons.
WebTV®: WebTV® is the most widely used system for accessing the Internet through television sets. A WebTV® unit connects to a television set, much like a VCR, and to a telephone line to send and receive data. This data is then displayed on the television, rather than a computer monitor. WebTV® Networks, Inc. is a subsidiary of the Microsoft Corporation.
White Non Hispanic: A race/origin category used by the Census Bureau that consists of persons who self identified their race as "White," but did not identify themselves as being of Hispanic origin or descent.
*This glossary is a compendium of terms used by the U.S. Department of Commerce's Census Bureau and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).
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