Falling Through the Net II: Accompanying graphs and charts

July 28, 1998

Falling Through the Net II:
Accompanying graphs and charts


[View report]

Chart 1: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer, Modem,
Telephone, and E-mail

1994 vs. 1997

 

Computer

Modem

Phone

E-mail

1994

24.1

11

93.8

3.4

1997

36.6

26.3

93.8

16.9

 

Chart 1 Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer, Modem, Telephone, and E-mail

 


Chart 2: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone
By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

1997

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

1994

93.8

93.9

93.8

92

1997

93.8

94.3

93.6

92.1

 

Chart 2: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 3: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone
by Income
By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

1997

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Under $5,000

76.3

74.4

76.8

75.2

5,000-9,999

84.8

84.8

84.8

84.8

10,000-14,999

90.4

89.7

90.6

89.7

15,000-19,999

92.2

91.9

92.3

91.8

20,000-24,999

95.1

96.2

94.8

94.0

25,000-34,999

96.3

97.3

95.9

95.7

35,000-49,999

97.8

98.4

97.6

97.1

50,000-74,999

98.6

98.4

98.6

98.4

75,000+

98.8

99.1

98.7

98.7

 

Chart 3: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone by Income By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 4: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone
by Race/Origin
By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

1997

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

White Not Hispanic

95.9

95.5

96.0

95.7

Black Not Hispanic

86.0

83.2

86.3

85.9

Other Not Hispanic

92.7

82.8

94.0

94.9

Hispanic

86.5

85.0

86.6

85.2

 

Chart 4: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone by Race/Origin By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 5: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone

by Income,

By Race/Origin

 

1997

 

 

Under $15,000

15,000- 34,999

35,000- 74,999

75,000+

White-Not Hispanic

90.3

96.3

98.6

98.8

Black-Not Hispanic

76.3

91.3

96.4

99.5

Other-Not Hispanic

81.8

94.6

96.4

98.6

Hispanic

78.4

90.4

95.7

98.0

 

Chart 5: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone  by Income,  By Race/Origin


Chart 6: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone

by Age

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Under 25

84.4

81.7

84.9

84.8

25-34

91.7

91.5

91.7

90.6

35-44

93.2

93.3

93.1

90.7

45-54

95.2

95.5

95.0

93.3

55+

96.1

96.7

95.9

95.1

 

Chart 6: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone  by Age  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 7: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone

by Education

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Elementary

87.8

89.8

87.0

86.0

Some H.S.

86.5

89.2

85.5

83.6

H.S. Diploma or GED

92.9

94.1

92.4

90.9

Some College

95.7

95.5

95.7

94.3

B.A. or more

97.6

98.7

97.4

96.8

 

Chart 7: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone  by Education  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 8: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone

by Household Type

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Married Couple w/ Children <18

96.0

96.1

95.9

94.7

Male Householder w/ Children <18

87.1

87.5

86.9

83.5

Female Householder w/ Children <18

86.3

85.1

86.5

86.7

Family Households w/o Children

96.7

96.4

96.8

96.1

Non-family Households

91.4

91.2

91.4

90.0

 

Chart 8: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone  by Household Type  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 9: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone

By Region

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Northeast

95.0

97.2

94.4

91.5

Midwest

94.1

95.7

93.6

90.4

South

92.4

92.5

92.4

91.6

West

94.4

93.3

94.6

94.6

 

Chart 9: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone  By Region


Chart 10: Changes in Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1994 vs. 1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

1994

24.1

22.1

24.8

22

1997

36.6

34.9

37.2

32.8

 

Chart 10: Changes in Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 11: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

by Income

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Under $5,000

16.5

15.0

16.9

16.4

5,000-9,999

9.9

7.9

10.5

11.0

10,000-14,999

12.9

11.0

13.5

13.2

15,000-19,999

17.4

17.0

17.5

17.8

20,000-24,999

23.0

20.9

23.7

24.4

25,000-34,999

31.7

31.7

31.7

31.0

35,000-49,999

45.6

45.0

45.9

46.4

50,000-74,999

60.6

59.6

60.9

60.0

75,000+

75.9

75.3

76.0

73.9

 

Chart 11: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  by Income  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 12: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

By Race/Origin

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

 

 

U.S. 1994

U.S. 1997

Rural

Urban

Central City

White Not Hispanic

27.1

40.8

36.7

42.5

41.5

Black Not Hispanic

10.3

19.3

14.9

19.9

17.1

Other Not Hispanic

32.6

47.0

35.8

48.4

43.5

Hispanic

12.3

19.4

19.2

19.4

16.2

 

Chart 12: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  By Race/Origin  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 13: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

By Income

By Race/Origin

 

1997

 

 

Under $15,000

15,000-34,999

35,000-74,999

75,000+

White Not Hispanic

15.4

28.0

55.1

76.3

Black Not Hispanic

6.3

18.2

40.2

64.1

Other Not Hispanic

19.1

38.5

62.6

81.0

Hispanic

7.8

16.6

36.8

72.8

 

Chart 13: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  By Income  By Race/Origin


Chart 14: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

By Race/Origin

 

U.S.

36.6

White Not Hispanic

40.8

Black Not Hispanic

19.3

Other Not Hispanic

47.0

Hispanic

19.4

 

Chart 14: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  By Race/Origin


Chart 15: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

By Income

By Race/Origin

 

 

Under $15,000

15,000-34,999

35,000-74,999

75,000+

White Not Hispanic

15.4

28.0

55.1

76.3

Black Not Hispanic

6.3

18.2

40.2

64.1

Other Not Hispanic

19.1

38.5

62.6

81.0

Hispanic

7.8

16.6

36.8

72.8

 

Chart 15: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  By Income  By Race/Origin


Chart 15a: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap

By Income

 

1994 vs. 1997

 

Under $15,000

 

White-Not Hispanic

Black-Not Hispanic

Hispanic

1994

9.2

2.9

3.6

1997

15.4

6.3

7.8

 

 

Chart 15a: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap  By Income

Chart 15b: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap

By Income

 

1994 vs. 1997

 

$15,000 – 34,999

 

White-Not Hispanic

Black-Not Hispanic

Hispanic

1994

18.1

10

9.4

1997

28

18.2

16.6

 

Chart 15b: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap  By Income


Chart 15c: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap

By Income

 

1994 vs. 1997

 

$35,000 – 74,999

 

White-Not Hispanic

Black-Not Hispanic

Hispanic

1994

40.5

24.8

30.6

1997

55.1

40.2

36.8

 

Chart 15c: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap  By Income


Chart 15d: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap

By Income

 

1994 vs. 1997

 

$75,000+

 

White-Not Hispanic

Black-Not Hispanic

Hispanic

1994

61

52.6

60.7

1997

76.3

64.1

72.8

 

Chart 15d: U.S. Household Computer Penetration Gap  By Income


Chart 16: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

by Age

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Under 25 years

28.0

22.8

28.9

30.2

25-34 years

40.0

35.8

41.2

39.1

35-44 years

49.0

49.8

48.8

41.6

45-54 years

48.0

46.7

48.5

41.3

55+ years

21.0

19.0

21.7

18.2

 

Chart 16: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  by Age  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 17: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

by Education

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Elementary

6.8

5.3

7.4

6.3

Some H.S.

10.9

12.2

10.3

8.4

H.S. Diploma or GED

25.7

29.5

24.1

20.2

Some College

43.4

44.9

43.0

38.7

B.A. or more

63.2

64.7

62.9

59.5

 

Chart 17: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  by Education  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 18: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

by Household Type

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Married Couple w/ Children <18

57.2

53.9

58.6

52.0

Male Householder w/ Children <18

30.5

30.2

30.6

28.0

Female Householder w/ Children <18

25.0

28.1

24.5

20.2

Family Households w/o Children

36.4

32.0

38.2

34.1

Non-family Households

23.5

17.0

25.0

26.1

 

Chart 18: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  by Household Type  By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas


Chart 19: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

by Region

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Northeast

35.2

41.7

33.4

24.7

Midwest

36.5

36.2

36.7

31.1

South

33.4

30.2

34.8

31.1

West

43.4

40.3

43.9

42.9

 

Chart 19: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer  by Region


Chart 20: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service

by Income

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Under $5,000

7.2

5.6

7.7

6.6

5,000-9,999

3.9

2.3

4.4

4.6

10,000-14,999

4.9

2.8

5.6

5.7

15,000-19,999

7.0

4.5

7.8

9.6

20,000-24,999

9.0

6.5

9.9

10.0

25,000-34,999

13.9

11.6

14.7

13.3

35,000-49,999

20.8

16.0

22.6

23.0

50,000-74,999

32.4

27.6

33.9

35.1

75,000+

49.2

44.4

50.3

49.4

 

Chart 20: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service  by Income


Chart 21: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service

by Race/Origin

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

White Not Hispanic

21.2

15.6

23.5

23.3

Black Not Hispanic

7.7

5.5

7.9

5.8

Other Not Hispanic

25.2

16.1

26.4

23.5

Hispanic

8.7

7.3

8.9

7.0

 

Chart 21: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service  by Race/Origin


Chart 22: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service

By Age

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Under 25 years

17.1

12.1

18.0

19.2

25-34 years

22.0

15.7

23.6

22.6

35-44 years

24.7

21.0

25.9

20.9

45-54 years

25.8

21.6

27.3

22.2

55+ years

8.8

6.7

9.5

7.8

 

Chart 22: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service  By Age


Chart 23: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service

by Educational Attainment

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Elementary

1.8

1.2

2.1

2.2

Some H.S.

3.1

2.5

3.4

2.5

H.S. Diploma or GED

9.6

9.2

9.8

7.9

Some College

21.9

20.5

22.3

19.7

B.A. or more

38.4

35.6

39.0

36.1

 

Chart 23: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service  by Educational Attainment


Chart 24: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service

by Region

By U.S., Rural, Urban, and Central City Areas

 

1997

 

 

U.S.

Rural

Urban

Central City

Northeast

18.4

19.7

18.0

12.6

Midwest

17.3

13.9

18.6

16.7

South

17.4

12.7

19.4

17.0

West

22.4

17.8

23.1

21.7

 

Chart 24: Percent of U.S. Households with Online Service  by Region


Table 25: Percent of U.S. Households with a Telephone

By State

 

1997

 

State

Percent of Households

90% Confidence Interval

Iowa

97.8

0.87

Minnesota

97.2

0.97

Maryland

97.1

1.06

New Hampshire

97.1

1.13

Pennsylvania

96.9

0.59

Maine

96.8

1.14

Nebraska

96.6

1.1

North Dakota

96.5

1.12

Utah

96.3

1.16

Wisconsin

96.1

1.13

Colorado

95.7

1.19

Oregon

95.5

1.27

Washington

95.5

1.27

Delaware

95.3

1.41

Massachusetts

95.2

0.93

Alaska

95.0

1.39

Michigan

95.0

0.82

Tennessee

95.0

1.29

California

94.8

0.55

Ohio

94.4

0.83

Rhode Island

94.4

1.52

Virginia

94.4

1.31

New York

94.3

0.62

Nevada

94.2

1.44

New Jersey

94.2

0.92

Hawaii

94.1

1.67

Vermont

94.0

1.55

Kansas

93.9

1.44

West Virginia

93.9

1.29

Households Total US

93.8

0.21

Indiana

93.8

4.68

South Dakota

93.6

0.95

Montana

93.4

0.68

South Carolina

93.4

2.74

Missouri

93.1

4.56

Florida

92.7

1.29

North Carolina

92.7

2.86

Idaho

92.5

0.64

Wyoming

92.3

1.37

Kentucky

92.3

0.2

Connecticut

92.1

2.02

Oklahoma

91.6

1.57

Washington, DC

91.5

0.59

Alabama

91.4

1.6

Arizona

91.4

4.7

Georgia

91.4

1.44

Texas

91.1

1.75

Louisiana

90.9

1.35

Illinois

90.5

2.7

Arkansas

88.9

1.23

Mississippi

88.3

3.66

New Mexico

87.9

1.94


Table 26: Percent of U.S. Households with a Computer

By State

 

1997

 

State

Percent of Households

90% Confidence Interval

Alaska

55.3

3.2

Utah

52.6

3.1

Colorado

52.2

2.9

New Hampshire

50.1

3.4

Vermont

47.1

3.3

Washington

46.4

3

Idaho

44.4

2.9

Virginia

44.0

2.8

Maryland

43.8

3.1

California

43.2

1.2

Kansas

41.7

3

Oregon

40.9

3

Wisconsin

39.9

2.9

Arizona

39.8

2.7

Wyoming

39.7

2.9

New Jersey

39.4

1.9

Minnesota

39.3

2.9

Massachusetts

39.2

2.1

New Mexico

38.2

2.8

Missouri

38.1

2.9

Delaware

37.3

3.2

Nebraska

36.8

2.9

Maine

36.6

3.1

Households Total US

36.6

0.4

Ohio

36.4

1.7

Connecticut

36.4

3.2

Texas

36.4

1.5

Montana

36.1

2.7

Illinois

35.6

1.7

Georgia

35.2

2.5

Michigan

35.1

1.8

Washington, DC

34.8

2.9

Hawaii

34.6

3.4

Rhode Island

34.5

3.1

Nevada

34.0

2.9

Indiana

33.9

2.8

Iowa

33.9

2.8

South Dakota

33.6

2.8

North Dakota

33.0

2.9

Tennessee

32.9

2.8

Florida

32.9

1.4

New York

32.4

1.2

Pennsylvania

32.2

1.6

South Carolina

31.0

2.9

Kentucky

30.3

2.6

North Carolina

29.9

2

Oklahoma

29.6

2.5

Alabama

29.3

2.7

Louisiana

25.2

2.5

West Virginia

23.9

2.3

Arkansas

23.5

2.4

Mississippi

20.6

2.1