October 10, 1996


                               THE WHITE HOUSE

                        Office of the Press Secretary
                            (Knoxville, Tennessee)
For Immediate Release                                     October 10, 1996     

                           REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                          TO THE PEOPLE OF KNOXVILLE

                        Knoxville Auditorium Coliseum
                             Knoxville, Tennessee

11:30 A.M. EDT

		THE VICE PRESIDENT:  Thank you.  Thank you very much.  Thank 
you, ladies and gentlemen.  You don't know how that warms my heart.  It's 
great to be home.  It's great to receive that kind of rousing welcome.  And 
I'm just so grateful to all of you for being here and being apart of it. 
		Last night, Jack Kemp and I debated -- (applause) 
-- last night, Jack Kemp and I debated the future.  This morning, Bill Clinton 
and I are building the future.  (Applause.)  I am so proud and grateful to the 
President for coming here to Knoxville, to the University of Tennessee.  
Especially so soon before the Arkansas game.  (Laughter and applause.)
		He said for me to let you in on our conversation in the car on 
the way over here.  I was bragging on how Arkansas did in the first half 
against Florida, and I allowed as how, really, the point spread between us 
ought to be fairly close to even on this game.  (Laughter.)  He's not buying 
it.  (Laughter.)  He's telling me about all the freshman on the team and what 
scrappers they are.  We'll see.  We'll work that out later.
		But I'm so proud and excited that the President would come 
here to the University of Tennessee to make this exciting announcement that he 
is going to make today.  This is really one of the most important steps that 
any President has ever taken to build a bridge to the 21st century.  You are 
going to hear about an initiative that may sound a little technical, may sound 
like it is in the future.  
		But, believe me, as someone who started talking 

about the Information Superhighway 20 years ago, who passed the 
legislation to finance the development of the Internet as it 
exists today, someone who has had a chance to work with this 
President over the last four years on his pledge to connect every 
classroom and library in America to that Information Superhighway 

-- I'm telling you, the step he is taking today will be looked 
back on in the next century as a true milestone on this road to 
the future.  But more about that in just a moment.  
	     Let me thank Lil Clinard for her kind words, and 
also Dr. Eugene Parker for his moving invocation and Mildred 
Buffler for the pledge.  And I want to acknowledge two people 
here at the top, one of whom I will ask to come up here and speak 
in just a moment.  And then when he concludes, I will return to 
the podium, say a couple more words in introducing the President.  
These two individuals are playing a key role in the President's 
announcement today, and he will spell that out.  But I want to 
acknowledge them now because they have really decided to give so 
much of themselves to this effort:  The CEO of Viacom, Sumner 
Redstone and the CEO of Netwave, Incorporated, Lynn Forester.  
And I'd like both of them to stand up, please.  Sumner is here 
and where is Lynn?  Is Lynn out in the audience there?  I'd like 
to acknowledge both of them.  Not now.  Okay.  (Applause.)
	     These others I want to thank profusely.  I would 
like to suggest, since there are several of them, that you hold 
your applause until I complete the list.  Al Trivelpiece, who is 
doing a fantastic job as Director of the Oak Ridge National 
Laboratories.  And Oak Ridge is going to play a key role in the 
future of this country and in the development of this new 
initiative.  Representative Joe Armstrong, Representative Wayne 
Ritchie, Representative Harry Tindell.  Thomas Chumpert, Knox 
County Executive; District Attorney Randy Nichols; Knox County 
Court Clerk Mike Padgett, and most especially, Tennessee's House 
of Representatives Majority Leader, State Representative Bill 
Purcell.  Let's give all of these individuals a hand.  
	     Four candidates that I would like to acknowledge 
--and I'd like to begin with the candidate of the Democratic 
Party here in the Second Congressional District, Steve Smith.  
(Applause.)  A candidate in the Third Congressional District of 
the Democratic Party, Chuck Jolly.  (Applause.)  Democratic 
candidate in the First Congressional District, Kay Smith.  
(Applause.)  And candidate for State Senate, Mae Owenby.  
	     I want to thank the students behind me from 
Jefferson Middle School and Halls High School.  We appreciate 
them being here.  (Applause.)  This announcement really is all 
about them.  I'm also mighty proud that my daughter, Karenna, is 
with me here today and I wanted to acknowledge her, too.  
	     Twenty years ago, when I first had the opportunity 
to serve in the United States House of Representatives I dreamed 
of a time when a young school girl in Carthage, Tennessee -- my 
home town, 2000 people -- could come home after school and plug 
into the Library Congress and navigate through a whole universe 

of knowledge at her own pace, directed by her own curiosity.  I 
dreamed of a time when the nation's children would be able to 
communicate daily with students in countries all over the world, 
to learn about other cultures, share experiences, broaden their 
horizons.  I dreamed of a time when a doctor would have instant 
access to a patient's medical records instantly if an injury 
occurred and that patient's doctor needed to know the best course 
of treatment.  
	     Well, today that dream is fast becoming a reality.  
Two years ago, President Clinton and I challenged America to 
connect every classroom -- inner-city, rural, suburban -- to the 
Information Superhighway by the year 2000.  We challenged the 
nation to ensure that all of our teachers and students have 
access to modern computers and engaging educational software.  We 
challenged the nation to provide all teachers with the training 
and support they need in order to help students make the most of 
these wonderful new technologies.  We challenged the nation to 
make sure that our children will never be separated by a digital 

	     And America has responded to that challenge.  Last 
March, the President and I rolled up our sleeves and worked 
alongside 20,000 other volunteers in California to hook up 
one-fifth of California's schools to the Information Superhighway 
in a single day.  So far, 10 other states have held similar 
electronic barn-raisings with similar success stories.  In fact, 
I'm awfully proud that our home state of Tennessee will soon hold 
its own Net Day, and I encourage all of you to sign up to help 
and be a part of it, pull that cable and make the connections.  
And it's amazing what community spirit comes out during a Net 

	     Well, none of this nation's technology initiatives 
would be possible without the tremendous support of volunteers, 
as well as hundreds of private businesses that have chosen to 
become involved.  And today some of the angels of industry are 
going to ramp up their commitment to empowering every child in 
this whole country with our latest and best technologies.  A 
select group of leaders from the information industries have 
stepped up to the President's challenge.  I mentioned Sumner 
Redstone of Viacom and Lynn Forester of FirstMark Holdings and 
Netwave.  They will be joined in this group by Gerry Levin of 
Time-Warner, Bob Allen of AT&T; Ray Smith of Bell Atlantic; Larry 
Ellison of Oracle; Brian Roberts of Comcast, and Steven Case of 
America OnLine.  
	     This is a dream team of the information industry 
CEOs in America, and they are stepping up to the plate on behalf 
of America's children.  We appreciate what they're doing.  
(Applause.)  One key individual who has helped to make this 
possible is one of the finest men I've ever had a chance to work 
with, and I want you to give a special acknowledgement to the 
Secretary of Education, Dick Riley.  We appreciate your 

leadership, Mr. Riley.  (Applause.)
	     We're proud that Mr. Redstone, the chairman of this 
group and Lynn Forester, the vice-chair are with us today.  In 
bringing Mr. Redstone to the podium, let me tell you that he's 
demonstrated a lifelong passion for education.  When he was a 
student at Harvard he was so passionate, he completed his 
undergraduate degree in just two and a half years.  More 
recently, despite his incredibly busy schedule, he has devoted a 
great deal of time to teaching courses at Boston University Law 
School, Harvard Law School, and Brandeis.  How he does it, I 
don't know.  But I do know that during World War II he was one of 
the key members of the team that broke the high-level military 
and diplomatic codes of wartime Japan.  

	     Sumner Redstone knows what information technology 
can mean to a nation.  He knows what information technology means 
for individual schoolchildren.  And that's exactly why he is with 
us here today.  So please help me welcome a great businessman and 
a great friend of American education, Sumner Redstone.  

	     MR. REDSTONE:  Thank you so much for those warm and 
generous remarks.  

	     Among so much that all of us admire in our President 
and in our Vice President is their commitment to educate the 
children of America.  And in that connection, to connect every 
school, classroom, and library in America to the Information 
Superhighway with computers, with software, and with well-trained 
teachers.  And I really feel privileged to be able to assist the 
President and the Vice President in improving the education of 
our children and our grandchildren while making them 
technologically literate.  
	     Sad as it is, we live in a world where economic 
realities mean that many students come from two-income 
households, leaving children with little parental supervision, 
parents with less time to read with their kids, let alone oversee 
their homework.  And we live in a world where tens of thousands 
of students are struggling to learn to read English at the same 
time they're learning to speak English.  And, sadly indeed, we 
live in a world where many students start the school day by 
walking through a metal detector, and school hallways are 
monitored by armed guards.
	     But technology can bring a child as many suitable, 
qualified, intelligent and competent teaching experiences as 
possible without regard to geography and without regard to 
socioeconomic status.  The new technology can help teach a 
package of wealth of information in a compelling way -- to train 
young minds for the Information Age.  Indeed, when the 
appropriate software and information are married to the new 
technologies, students can be motivated to embark on a world of 

	     The global electronic network is beginning, just 
beginning to remake daily life.  And today's generation must cope 
with a wholesale transformation of society that it brings.  But 
nowhere could that transformation have more impact than on 
education.  Properly used, the global network can increase access 
to education services, make teachers more effective, improve 
efficiency.  And, most of all, motivate young learners.
	     The coming communications revolution about which you 
have heard is not about technology in the classroom, but is 
rather about using the tools of technology to redefine the 
classroom.  For the first time, students can literally step out 
of the classroom and journey to places and speak to people around 
the globe in search of knowledge.  The classroom of the future 
has no walls, just windows -- created through the use of 
television and satellites and computers.  
	     Indeed, our children can travel across the globe 
electronically before we give them permission to cross the 
street.  But with all of this, the role of the teacher cannot be 
overestimated, because a commitment to excellence cannot be 
instilled by a computer.  It takes teachers with vision to help 
mold students with vision.
	     Today, my associates and I, Robert Allen of AT&T, 
Lawrence Ellison of the Oracle Corporation, Lynn Forester of 
FirstMark Holdings, Gerald Levin of Time-Warner, Brian Roberts of 
Comcast, Raymond Smith of Bell Atlantic and more to come, are 
launching a major partnership between the private sector and the 
government to make certain -- absolutely certain -- that this 
initiative doesn't fail.  
	     And now, I am really honored to reintroduce the Vice 
President of the United States, another man working hard to make 
sure that the administration's educational technology initiative 
does not fail.  Last night, we all saw again what Al Gore is 
capable of.  It was a knockout, right?  (Applause.)  But what he 
showed us was his commitment to issues of importance.  And, of 
course, he has made Tennessee, his home state, so proud.  So now, 
it's my great pleasure to introduce our Vice President, Al Gore.  
	     THE VICE PRESIDENT:  Thank you.  Please.  I didn't 
know that I was going to be reintroduced, but I'm very grateful 
for the honor.  Thank you very much.  And thank you for your kind 
words, Mr. Redstone, I appreciate it very much. 
	     More than that, I want to thank Sumner Redstone for 
heading up this historic effort.  Once again, he is doing a great 
service to this nation.  And now, ladies and gentlemen, I want to 
express my personal thanks to President Bill Clinton, not only 
for his role in bringing these dramatic innovations to America's 

schoolchildren, but for all of his efforts to maintain this 
nation's proud position as the world leader in science and 
technology.  Here in East Tennessee, so close to the Oak Ridge 
National Laboratory, we know the importance of science and 
technology to the future of the United States of America.  
	     President Clinton knows that one of the most 
important bridges to the future will be built on discoveries in 
science and advancements in technology.  This President is 
unequalled in his devotion to promoting science and technology as 
the engine of our economy and as a means to improving our quality 
of life. 
	     Now, the President's opponent has taken a different 
approach.  The cuts in science and technology funding that were 
proposed and almost implemented by the leaders of this last 
Congress would have amounted to unilateral disarmament in the 
face of growing world competition in research, development, 
science and technology.  They wanted to cut America's science and 
technology budget by one-third.  This would have crippled both 
our basic research and the critical applied research needed to 
protect our health and to protect our global environment.  

	     President Clinton, in stark contrast, has increased 
this nation's investments in world-class basic research within a 
balanced budget plan.  He has increased support for medical 
research at the National Institutes of Health, helping them to 
find new cures for diseases.  (Applause.)    He has stepped up 
our commitment to developing innovative environmental 
technologies for the growing world marketplace to clean up our 
environment.  (Applause.)  He has opened up trade markets around 
the world for our high-technology exports.  And the President has 
helped to reorganize and revitalize our nation's research 
agencies and laboratories for the 21st century.  

	     Government laboratories, such as the Oak Ridge 
National Laboratory, have played a vital role in catalyzing this 
nation's technological development.  Now, we have heard from the 
President's opponent that he wishes to completely eliminate the 
Department of Energy.  When asked for a clarification of what 
that would mean, he said, well, we will keep the military part of 
the budget, but the civilian part of the budget is really on the 
chopping block.  Well, Oak Ridge gets three-quarters of all of 
its budget from the civilian part of the Department of Energy.  
When asked for further clarification, he said, the laboratories 
in New Mexico  are off the table.  That's nice.  I think that's a 
wise decision.  But what about Oak Ridge National Laboratory?   
Don't give us the mumbo-jumbo about "this will all magically work 
out somehow."  We want a commitment to Oak Ridge National 
Laboratory.  (Applause.)

	     So to those on the other side who have proposed 
measures that would clearly shut down the Oak Ridge National 
Laboratory, I have a message on behalf of the President and 

in words that you've heard before:  We won't let them.  
(Applause.)  Oak Ridge is engaging in missions that are 
absolutely central to our current economic, environmental, health 
and national security future.  Closing the doors of Oak Ridge 
National Laboratory would be a sad step backward for the United 
States of America.  President Clinton and I will not let that 

	     And ladies and gentlemen, that is only one of the 
reasons that it is now my great pleasure and personal privilege 
to present to you a leader who has made unprecedented commitments 
to this nation's science and technology; a leader who is making 
sure that every student and every family in America will have the 
opportunity to participate in our limitless technological future.  
My friend, our President, President Bill Clinton.  (Applause.)
	     THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you.  Thank you very much.
Thank you so much for that wonderful reception.  It's nice for me 
to be in Knoxville, sort of riding along on Al Gore's coattails.  
I enjoy being here.  (Laughter and applause.)

	     I want to thank everyone who has been a part of the 
program today.  Dr. Parker, thank you.  And Mildred Buffler, 
thank you.  And I want to thank our great Secretary of Education, 
Dick Riley, my former colleague when we were governors together.  
And I think unquestionably history will record him as the most 
effective Secretary of Education our country has had to this 
point.  (Applause.)

	     I thank the students who are behind this.  I thank 
Dr. Clinard for her fine remarks and her fine work; Dr. Al 
Trivelpiece from the Oak Ridge labs is here.  I thank you for 
being here, sir.  I want to say a special word of thanks to 
Sumner Redstone and to Lynn Forester.  Thank you, Lynn, and to 
all the other business leaders who have agreed to help us on this 
truly monumental but terribly important project. 

	     I'm very, very glad to be here.  The Vice President, 
last night I called to congratulate him on his debate, and I said 
that Mr. Kemp found out something that I found out a long time 
ago:  It's just as well not to be on the other side of an 
argument with Al Gore.  (Applause.)  Although I did think it was 
rather ungracious of him to mention our annual bet on the 
Arkansas-Tennessee football game here in the backyard of the 
University of Tennessee.  (Laughter and applause.)
	     Actually, we have a lot to be grateful to the 
University of Tennessee for.  One of the most important members 
of our administration, Nancy Anmen (phonetic), I believe was the 
first female president of the student body here.  (Applause.)  
The band came out to the airport to play for us, which was a 
wonderful thing; it woke us both up this morning, got us off to a 
good start.  (Laughter.)

	     But, anyway, we always come back around to this 
football game, you know.  And the last few years have been pretty 
good for Tennessee and not so good for Arkansas, and so I figured 
that Al's hubris would get the better of him, and since we were 
in Knoxville I could get more points on the game today.  
(Laughter.)  And I'm lobbying.  So you're proud of your football 
team, aren't you?  (Applause.)
	     So what am I entitled to?  Twenty-eight points on 
the spread?  I mean, what do you think?  (Laughter)  We got to 
talking about Tennessee football players and I pointed out that 
one of the greatest football players Tennessee ever produced 
still has ties here in Knoxville, is still playing very well -- 
Reggie White of the Green Bay Packers.  He's a good man.  
(Applause.)  I visited Reggie and the Packers not very long ago 
and they are truly impressive.  But as good as Reggie is, last 
night it was Al Gore who sacked the quarterback.  (Applause.)  
	     Let me say to all of you that the Vice President and 
I have worked very closely together, we've been a good team, 
we've worked hard for four years to basically change not only the 
way the national government works, but the way our country is 
thinking about the future.  We want everyone in America to have a 
vision of what America should be like in the 21st century.  
	     And I ask all of you to think about it when you 
leave here and you go about your business today, just think about 
it -- if you had to sit down in a paragraph, sort of say what you 
think your country ought to be like as we start a new century and 
a new millennium, in a time where we have radical, breathtaking 
changes in the nature of work and communications and how we 
relate to each other in the rest of the world, what would that 
vision be for you if you were writing it down?  I encourage you 
to do it tonight when you get home.  It would be a good exercise.  
Talk to your spouses, your kids, your parents about it.  And 
think about what do you want for your country when we start this 
new century.
	     For me, it's this:  I want us to take advantage of 
these changes so that the American Dream will be alive and well 
for everyone who is willing to work for it.  I want us to be a 
country that is coming together, respecting our diversity and 
clinging to our shared values instead of being torn apart by our 
differences, as so many countries all around the world are.  
(Applause.)  Now, who would have thought 15 or 20 years ago at 
the height of the Cold War we could ever see the threat of 
communism fade from the world, that we would see the ugly rise of 
old racial and ethnic and religious hatreds consuming people all 
around the globe.  We can beat that rap here and we're determined 
to do it, and I think we will do it.  (Applause.)
	     The third thing I want is for the United States to 
continue to be the world's strongest force for peace and freedom 
and progress and prosperity in the entire world.  I think that is 

important for other people in the world who have their 
aspirations and who need to have the chance to grow up strong and 
free, the chance to develop the minds that God gave them and the 
spirits of their children.

	     To do that, we have followed a simple strategy.  We 
have tried to create as much opportunity as possible.  We have 
tried to demand responsibility from all of our citizens and do 
things that would encourage more of that.  And we've tried to 
build this American community and stand against those forces that 
would undermine it.  We have tried to change the fundamental way 
the government works, and Al Gore has been our leader in that 
regard.  We have downsized the government now by 240,000 people 
or so.  It's the smallest it's been since President Kennedy was 
in office.  But we have also tried to change the way it works, to 
make it less bureaucratic and more oriented toward working in 
partnerships with citizens to give people the tools they need to 
make the most of their own lives.

	     That is the context in which I ask you to see what I 
believe we should be doing with science and technology and basic 
research.  It has to do with what I want America to look like 
when we start this new century, what I want it to look like when 
people like me, when our children are our age, and indeed when 
our grandchildren are our age.

	     If you have that vision, there is no better way to 
make it real than by continuing to preserve America's leadership 
in research and technology and science.  Of course, as Al said, 
there could be a great digital divide.  If we don't broadly share 
the knowledge and the technology that is developing, it could 
work to promote inequality, frictions, anxieties among people. 
But if we do it right, it can be a great force to help us meet 
our challenges and protect our values together. 

	     Continuing to push back on the frontiers of 
knowledge has always been one of the measures of America's 
greatness.  For the last half century, this state of Tennessee 
has been a living map of how those kinds of investments can 
produce growth and opportunity.  Sixty years ago, the TVA lifted 
an entire region out of poverty.  Today it is still shining its 
light, illuminating homes and communities.  During the Cold War, 
the Oak Ridge Laboratory harnessed the power of the atom in the 
service of our nation's defense.  Today it's nuclear science is 
yielding the isotopes that help doctors trace heart disease.  Our 
interstate highway system, built with the leadership of Senator 
Al Gore Sr., literally remade the landscape of America and 
connected us all more closely.  And today it is still bringing 
Americans together.  

	     Technology is clearly transforming our world, and it 
is creating a range of possibilities for the young people behind 
me and the young people in this audience that are literally 
unimaginable.  Many of you people who are students at the 

University of Tennessee who are here and the younger students 
from high schools and the middle schools and the elementary 
schools, you will be doing work that has not been invented yet.  
Some of you will be doing things that have not even been imagined 
yet.  And it is up to us to see that every one of you has the 
best possible chance to develop your talents and to live out your 

	     That is what has been happening -- change at a rapid 
rate.  Again, even if you look back on it, it's almost 
unimaginable.  Consider this:  There is today more computer power 
in a Ford Taurus you drive to the supermarket than there was in 
Apollo 11 when Neal Armstrong took it all the way to the Moon.  
Isn't that amazing?  Cell phone, faxes, laptop computers, pagers 
-- they were the stuff of science fiction a few years ago.  
They're now everywhere, and if you don't have one, don't know how 
to work one, you're sort of out of step.  These days you can take 
notes on a computer pad which converts it into a typed text and 
sends it to the Internet and transmits to a computer all across 
the world.

	     The young people today will live out their lives, in 
short, in a century that will change like this constantly.  And 
that's why I say they will do work that not only has not been 
invented yet, but some of it has not been imagined yet.

	     Our cutting edge industries like microchips, 
biotechnology and aerospace once again lead the world.  I'm proud 
of that, and that's good news for Americans.  When it comes to 
these new technologies, our nation is on the right track, and 
that's one of the reasons we're the world's leading exporting 
country again, one of the reasons we have as many jobs as we do, 
one of the reasons that more than half of our new jobs are in 
higher-wage categories -- because we are on the cutting edge of 
positive change.  (Applause.)

	     So let me say again, we must stay on the cutting 
edge of positive change.  I am determined that we will continue 
to invest in science and technology.  More research in America -- 
most research is conducted by businesses and universities, but we 
all know that government has an important role to play.  
	     Of the 12 Americans who won the Nobel Prize last 
year, all 12 had received government support for their research.  
This year, the Nobel Prize winners have just been announced in 
physics and chemistry.  Of the three who won this year in physics 
and two who won in chemistry, all five received federal funding 
from the National Science Foundation.  Cutting back on research 
at the dawn of a new century where research is more important 
than it has been even for the last 50 years would be like cutting 
our defense budget at the height of the Cold War.  We must not do 
it and we will not do it.  We must protect the future of the 
young people here in the audience.  (Applause.)

	     One of the marvelous things we have learned about 
research is that it's not necessarily going to benefit just a 
particular category in which it was undertaken, that ideas don't 
stay in boxes anymore, that they all become more interrelated, 
the more you know and the more you learn.
	     For example, the Department of Defense has a dual 
applications program that makes military research available for 
commercial use.  The Commerce Department has an advanced 
technology program that works with hundreds of high-tech firms to 
create jobs and new technologies, and let me just give you one 
example of this. 
	     The research we've done in defense and intelligence 
and in our space program on imaging, which is very, very 
important, knowing exactly where you are and what you're seeing, 
is playing enormous benefits in the medical research area, and it 
may help us to identify incipient cancers before they develop to 
a problem stage in a way that may drastically improve the cure 
rate for cancer and almost get the identification down to the 
point where cure and prevention become merely indistinguishable 
in the moment.  This is the sort of thing we have to be thinking 
about all of the time.  (Applause.)
	     I tell this story all the time, but I think it's 
important.  We just formed a partnership with IBM to produce a 
supercomputer over the next couple of years that will do more 
calculations in one second than you can do at home on your 
hand-held calculator in 30,000 years.  Now, that should give you 
some indication of how quickly things are changing and how we 
will be rewarded if we stay on the cutting edge, and how we can 
be punished if we don't.
	     I just talked a little bit about health care, but 
technology is really making enormous strides there and research 
is.  During the time the Vice President and I have been in 
office, we've increased research on breast cancer at the National 
Institutes of Health by almost 80 percent.  (Applause.)  And just 
last year, an NIH scientist discovered two of the genes that 
cause breast cancer, giving hope for treating and preventing the 
second leading cause of cancer deaths among women.
	     We've increased NIH research on AIDS by 39 percent.  
(Applause)  And I'm convinced we're in the process of helping to 
turn a relentlessly fatal disease into a chronic, manageable 
illness.  The life expectancy of those with HIV and AIDS has 
nearly doubled since I took office because of medical advances in 
research.  (Applause.)  
	     We've come up with the first-ever treatment for 
strokes, the third biggest killer in America, something no one 
ever thought we would ever be able to do very much on.  And just 
the other day -- well, a lot of you were moved, I know, by 
Christopher Reeves' speech at the Democratic National Convention.  

And he called for a recommitment to research.  At almost the same 
time, either a couple of days before or a couple of days after 
Christopher Reeve gave that speech, for the first time ever, 
laboratory animals whose spine had been severed had movement in 
their lower limbs because of nerve transplants to the spine from 
other parts of the body.  We can do things that we have never 
imagined if we continue to work and go forward.  (Applause.)
	     Last week I signed budget legislation, increasing 
the NIH budget $2.4 billion over what it was the day I took 
office.  These investments will make possible further advances.  
They will lead to sophisticated computer imaging systems to help 
us treat cancer, to help us deal with Alzheimer's.  They will 
enable us to continue certain extraordinary initiatives going on 
there.  One of my favorites is the human genome project, which is 
literally on the verge of mapping out a genetic code of life.  It 
think it won't be too many years before parents will be able to 
go home from the hospital with their newborn babies with a 
genetic map in their hands that will tell them, here's what your 
child's future will likely be like.  Therefore, if you want your 
child to live as long and as well as possible, here is the diet 
you should follow, here is the exercise program you should 
follow, here is the medical treatment you should follow.  It will 
be an incredible thing.
	     I know that all of you believe in this, but I think 
it's important that we have -- that ordinary citizens have at 
their fingertips three or four examples that people can identify 
with of why these investments of your money -- because, after 
all, this is all your money, these are just things that we do 
together as a people because we couldn't do them individually 
--and I think it's important that you have these at your 
fingertips so that you can talk to your friends and neighbors 
about why this matters.  I know you can make a good speech about 
it here because you've got Oak Ridge up the road and it's a lot 
of good jobs.  But it's important to understand why it matters to 
everyone wherever they live and how it can change our common 
future for the better. 
	     We all know that changes in technology are 
transforming the way we work, too.  For a long time people were 
worried about that; we all were.  Everybody wondered:  Well, 
there's so much computer technology, all of the big 
organizations, the big bureaucracies can downsize, will there be 
more people dislocated than we can create new jobs; even if we 
create new jobs, will the new jobs not be as good a jobs as the 
ones we're losing.  
	     These are legitimate worries that have plagued 
people in the past and it still troubles individuals in our 
country, but we now know that we are creating jobs that on 
average are in the higher-wage categories.  We know we can do it 

	     But there is another thing that we ought to look at, 
which is how we can use technology to help people who have 
children at home succeed at home and at work.  When I became 
President -- I think it's still true, we don't have any updated 
figures -- but when I became President, there was a study that 
came out that said that people were working harder in 1994, the 
second year I was in office, than they had been 25 years earlier 
in 1969.  The average working person was actually spending more 
hours a week at work.  
	     And, yet, there were a higher percentage of parents 
in the workforce in 1994 than there were in 1969.  That means 
that nearly every family, whether it's a family working for a 
very modest wage, a family with a solid, middle-class existence, 
even a lot of upper middle-class, better-off families are dealing 
with these competing pressures of trying to do a good job raising 
their children, which is our most important job, and trying to 
succeed in the workplace.  (Applause.)
	     That's why the Vice President and I worked so hard 
for the Family and Medical Leave Act, why we believe it ought to 
be expanded, why we think there ought to be more flex time in the 
workplace. (Applause.)  But, again, I think technology, if we 
keep working on it, we'll bring it back around to us, and a lot 
of people will be able to benefit from it.  The number of 
Americans who are now working from their home at least part of 
the week and telecommuting has doubled over the last five years 
to 12.1 million.  
	     The Small Business Job Protection Act that I signed 
this summer included an increase in the minimum wage for 10 
million working Americans.  (Applause)  But it also did something 
else:  It completed a job the Vice President and I started in 
1993.  We have, since 1993, increased the amount of capital a 
small business can expense from $10,000 a year now to $25,000 a 
year.  And I believe more and more companies should use this 
expense to buy computers and other equipment for their employees 
to use at home, especially if the employees have young children.  
We have to work harder to make our businesses work well, our 
employees succeed, and people be able to be good parents.  

	     Finally, let me say the explosion of information has 
changed everyone's life, nowhere more than on the Internet.  Now, 
think about the Internet, how rapidly it's become part of our 
lives.  In 1969 the government invested in a small computer 
network that eventually became the Internet.  When I took office, 
only high energy physicists had ever heard of what is called the 
Worldwide Web -- when I took office, January of 1993, only high 
energy physicists had heard of it.  Now even my cat has its own 
Web page.  (Laughter and applause.)

	     The number of people on the Web has been doubling 
every eight months.  Think about that.  The number of people on 

the Web has been doubling every eight months.  Today there are at 
least 25 million people on the Internet.  By 1998 that number 
will reach 100 million.  The day is coming when every home will 
be connected to it and it will be just as normal a part of our 
life as a telephone and a television.  It is becoming our new 
town square, changing the way we relate to one another, the way 
we send mail, the way we hear news, the way we play. 

	     Every citizen can now read the Congressional Record.  
If you have insomnia, I recommend it.  (Laughter and applause.)  
Every citizen can get the text of what's in a new law the very 
day it passes.  Art lovers can go to the Louvre.  Baseball fans 
can pay an on-line visit to Cooperstown. Everyone can find a 
passage in the Bible or in Shakespeare with the click of a mouse.  
Most of all the Internet will be the most profoundly 
revolutionary tool for educating our children in generations.  

	     I want to see the day when computers are as much a 
part of a classroom as blackboards and we put the future at the 
fingertips of every American child.  (Applause.)  That sounds 
great, but think about the implications for our American 
democracy.  If you want to go into the 21st century with the 
American Dream alive and well for everyone, everybody has a 
chance to live up to the fullest of their abilities and, I might 
add, to be less shackled by whatever disabilities they have, if 
you believe we can create a community where everybody has a role 
to play, think about the implications for this.  
	     What does this mean, hooking up every classroom?  It 
means if you have the right computers and the right education 
equipment, software, the right educational software and properly 
trained teachers, and then all of these connections are made to 
the Internet and the World Wide Web and all of the other networks 
that will be exploding out there, think what this means.  This 
means for the first time ever in history, children in the most 
rural schools, children in the poorest inner-city school 
districts, children in standard, middle-class communities, 
children in the wealthiest schools, public or private, up and 
down the line, will have access in real time to the same 
unlimited store of information.  It will revolutionize and 
democratize education in a way that nothing ever has in the 
history of this country.  Think about what it means.  (Applause.)
	     In the State of the Union Address, I challenged the 
American people to make sure that all of the libraries and 
classrooms in the country were hooked up to the Information 
Superhighway by the year 2000.  I am very, very grateful for the 
work that has already been done.  Businesses, communities, 
governments, schools have worked all across this country, 
thousands of schools have been hooked up on net days from 
California to Florida, and today we are taking three more steps 
to make sure we achieve that critical goal.
	     First, the announcement that has been made by Mr. 

Redstone.  The business community is committed to taking the lead 
in putting educational technology into our classrooms.  CEOs from 
our top telecommunications firms are joining together to help us 
achieve that vision.  Sumner Redstone, Lynn Forester, also Robert 
Allen of AT&T, Larry Ellison of Oracle, Gerry Levin of 
Time-Warner, Brian Roberts of Comcast, Steven Case of America 
OnLine and there will be many more -- they're going to make sure 
that we have the computers in the classrooms, that the teachers 
are properly trained, that the educational software is the best 
available, and that all these connections are made to democratize 
education.  They will help to raise private sector contributions 
to match the technology literacy challenge fund that we have 
	     And let me say again to Sumner, to Lynn, to all the 
others:  We owe them our thanks, and we need more to follow their 
lead.  This is the only way we can get this done in a short time.  
(Applause.)  Thank you.  
	     The second thing we have to do is to make sure that 
all of the schools and the libraries in the country can afford to 
hook up to the Internet.  (Applause.)  Today, the cost of using 
the Internet can price some schools out of cyberspace.  Fees can 
be inconsistent with the highest rates, often hitting places with 
the fewest resources.
	     Soon, all this will change.  Under the new 
telecommunications law I signed a few months ago, the Federal 
Communications Commission will require the telecommunications 
service providers give to schools and libraries affordable rates 
for Internet access.  The FCC will vote on how to do this on 
November 8th -- how to provide what we call an "E-rate," an 
education rate.  
	     Today, I call on the FCC when it votes to give every 
elementary, middle and high school and every library in the 
country the lowest possible E-rate free basic service to the 
Internet.  (Applause.)  More sophisticated services like 
teleconferencing, the FCC should require discounted rates with 
the deepest discounts going to the poorest schools and areas.  
(Applause.)  I urge the FCC and the state regulators who have a 
say in this to make the E-rate a reality for our schools.  And 
again, I want to thank the Vice President and Secretary Riley, 
Assistant Secretary of Commerce Larry Irving, who has worked with 
us on this, and there are a number of members of Congress.  The 
Senators that I would like to mention are Dorgan, Exon, Kerry*, 
Rockefeller, and Senator Snow, and Congressman Markey.  They have 
all helped us on this. 

	     This is a big deal.  Wouldn't it be a shame if we 
did all this work and there were schools that literally could not 
access the Internet, if there were libraries in little rural 
communities that couldn't do it.  It is not necessary.  This will 
pay for itself over and over again by increasing the users, the 

knowledge, it will explode, and we have to do this. 

	     Finally, let me say, to keep going we have to keep 
the Internet itself up to speed.  I know it's hard to imagine 
that the Internet could be getting too old.  I find that about 
myself from time to time.  (Laughter.)  But believe it or not, 
everything ages, and the Internet is straining under its growing 
popularity.  Like any other piece of critical infrastructure, it 
has to be repaired and upgraded to meet all our education, 
medical, and national security needs.  It is now time to invest 
in the next generation of Internet.  Today I am pleased to 
announce our commitment to a new $100 million initiative in 
Fiscal Year 1998 to improve and expand the Internet, paid for 
under out balanced budget plan line by line, dime by dime.

	     America must have an Internet that keeps pace with 
our future.  So let's give America Internet II, the next 
generation Internet.  (Applause.)  We have to keep it big enough 
and fast enough to connect all of our people.  Now, this 
initiative will help universities and research institutions 
expand the amount of information that Internets can carry through 
ultra-fast fiber-optic networks.  It will develop software to 
eliminate bottlenecks.  It will expand the number of addresses on 
the Internet.  It will create powerful new switching computers to 
create power -- to enable universities to communicate with each 
other 100 to 1,000 times faster than they can today.  

	     It will develop the software to carry sound and 
video from one end of the world to another in real time.  It will 
be capable of transmitting the entire Encyclopedia Britannica in 
less than a second.  

	     These improvements will make the Internet a more 
important and remarkable part of our own lives.  They will enable 
our Defense Department to send intelligence instantly to our 
troops on the ground anywhere in the world.  They will let 
doctors in rural areas scan their patients for cancer by tapping 
into supercomputers at university hospitals a long way away.  
They will allow Americans to take any class anytime, anywhere, in 
any subject.  They will expand the reach of education programs 
right here, like the Oak Ridge Education Network and Adventures 
in supercomputing. 

	     So let us reach for a goal in the 21st century of 
every home connected to the Internet, and let us be brought 
closer together as a community through that connection.  

	     Let me close with a word of caution that I know I 
don't need for anybody in this audience in East Tennessee.  We 
cannot idealize technology.  Technology is only and always the 
reflection of our own imagination, and its uses must be 
conditioned by our own values.  Technology can help cure 
diseases, but we can prevent a lot of diseases by old-fashioned 
changes in 

behavior.  And we know that as well.  (Applause.)

	     Technology can give us a lot of information about 
why we should act rationally in certain cases.  But continuing to 
hate our friends and neighbors because of their religious, 
racial, tribal, or ethnic differences, that is an affair of the 
human heart.  And we know that as well.  (Applause.)

	     So today let us resolve to keep faith with our 
future by passing on to our children an Information Superhighway 
that will help them to live out their dreams.  But let us also 
resolve to make sure that their dreams are the right dreams so 
that when we get to this great, brand-new century and this 
remarkable age of possibility, the vision we all share for our 
future can become real.
	     Thank you, and God bless you all.  (Applause.)
            END                        12:30 P.M. EDT