From: Rajiv Bhalla <>
To: <>
Date: Mon, Jul 3, 2006 3:30 AM
Subject: Comments

Dear NTIA,

The reforms in the DNS System is a long-awaited demand of the governments, Internet users and its administrators.

My suggestions are summarized below -

1) There is a strong rationale to have a single body like ICANN to oversee and maintain the freedom of Internet. However, the need to reform and democratize ICANN must be met with a cogent plan.

2) The interests of all the sovereign nations must be upheld by effective legislative, technical and enforcement measures. At the same time, the pre-determined principles on the unique 'sovereignty' of Internet must not be compromised.

3) The pornographic content on the Internet must be devoted an exclusive '.xxx' TLD (as proposed). This must be strictly enforced by penalizing and completely blocking the porn content on other websites than having the '.xxx' TLD. The websites (including blogs) disseminating patently illegal material (any material that violates the principles contained in any of the UN Conventions and Treaties) must not only be blocked, but legal action should be taken against them.

4) I think there must be a transition from '.com' culture. TLD '.com' must be allowed to be retained only by the well-known marks holder(s). The rest should be replaced by the Country-level TLDs. This would reduce the domain-name disputes, help in easier management of domain-name disputes and could eventually lead to country-wise decentralization of Dispute Resolution Mechanism.

5) The registration of gripe sites must be curbed by effective supervision and DNS management.

6) The subscribers indulging in fraudulent meta-tagging techniques must be dealt with strictly by legislative and technical measures. I think the services of famous search engines like Google, MSN or Yahoo can be sought and in the larger public interest, they must be compelled to cooperate.

Finally, no effort must be spared to enact a Global Internet Convention under the auspices of UN and try to bring every country on board by adopting a carrot-or-stick policy.

Warm regards,

Rajiv Bhalla

Legal Researcher
Panjab University