Spotlight on: Slovenia
by Fredrick Matos

The Republic of Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet. It is south of Austria and has a coastline on the Adriatic Sea. The population is approximately two million, and its area is about half the size of Switzerland.

Slovenia declared its independence on June 25, 1991, having previously been part of Yugoslavia. Prior to its independence, Slovenia's telecommunications and spectrum regulatory functions were administered by the Yugoslav government in Belgrade, the capitol of Yugoslavia. For the sake of continuity, Slovenia continued to follow the Yugoslav telecommunications law until 1997, when it passed its first telecommunications law. The 1997 law defined the commercial use of the spectrum and contained the first Slovenian frequency allocation table. The allocations followed the CEPT.

The transition period was very challenging for Slovenia because at independence, it had no official frequency assignment license records or other spectrum usage data. These records had been kept in Belgrade. The Slovenian spectrum managers had to begin from a point of essentially zero information to develop the frequency assignment license records database and other data.

Slovenia enacted a modern new telecommunications law in 2001. It defined and established the Agency for Telecommunications, Broadcasting and Post (ATRP) as an independent national regulatory agency. The ATRP director and two deputy directors are appointed to five-year terms by the Executive Branch, which is composed of the Prime Minister and the other ministers. The ATRP manages all of the civil spectrum, including international coordination, licensing, and legislation, and it regulates all of the telecommunications and postal activities.

The Slovenian state-use frequencies, such as those used by the military, are managed by the Ministry of Defense. The Ministry of Defense uses the Spectrum XXI spectrum management software developed in the United States by the IIT Research Institute.

Slovenia established a Telecommunications Council and a Broadcasting Council. The Telecommunications Council provides advice to the ATRP on telecommunications affairs. The council has 11 members who are experts in telecommunications. The seven-member Broadcasting Council decides on program matters.

Within the ATRP, the non-government or civil spectrum management regulatory functions are the responsibility of the Frequency Management and Licensing Depart-ment. The Department has a staff of 10 experts, six who work with fixed and mobile assignments, and five who work on broadcasting matters. Slovenia has approximately 7,500 frequency assignments, not counting government usage. The frequency assignment database is maintained with ORACLE software, and there are plans to make it available online by the end of 2003. Slovenian experts have developed their own propagation path loss models to determine coverage areas. The current Slovenian allocation table is close to the table contained in CEPT/ERC/REP 25.

Slovenia also has a small spectrum monitoring department. The department can monitor all of the spectrum from fixed, mobile and remote controlled monitoring stations, as necessary.

Slovenia is an active participant in the ITU, and plans to send a delegation to WRC-2003. The Head of Delegation will be Dr. Bojan Bostjancic, State Secretary on Ministry of Information Society; and the delegates from the ATRP will be ATRP Director Nikolaj Simic; Deputy Director of Telecommunications Management Tomo Zbontar; and the Frequency Management and Licensing Department Director, Marjan Trdin.

Slovenian spectrum management has come a long way from its 1991 independence day to today's modern and efficient regulatory office. The results are evident in a modern telecommunications infrastructure.

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