This report details a method that was developed to identify all potential forms of interference that could occur with a proposed collocation of three Federal systems in the 1675–1695 MHz frequency band. The incumbents are the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) and receivers and radiosonde systems. The entrant is the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Video Surveillance System (VSS). The primary objective is that the quality of the mission-critical communications for each service is maintained.
A detailed electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) analysis is used to identify both the highest potential interference scenarios and those scenarios that have little to no effect. Two primary interference mitigation techniques can be implemented to achieve electromagnetic compatibility: frequency offset (Δf) and separation distance. Based on the frequency dependent rejection (FDR) between the interference source and the victim receiver, the Δf and separation distance necessary for a desired level of interference rejection can be calculated. For all potential interference interactions, the Δf and the separation distance can be adjusted to arrive at a solution for operation on a non-interference basis. It is not the intent of this report to make pronouncements on how to achieve coexistence within a shared band. The intent is to examine and illuminate the engineering questions that need to be answered so that those who are responsible for Federal services in a band may negotiate and cooperate with their colleagues who are responsible for other Federal services in the same band.
Keywords: electromagnetic compatibility (EMC); spectrum sharing; interference mitigation; frequency dependent rejection; frequency offset; separation distance